Library resources for the School of Nursing

CINAHL and Nursing Classification

CINAHL uses some subject headings that include acronyms at the end of the heading, such as Sensory-Perceptual Alterations (NANDA) or Risk Identification (Iowa NOC).

These acronyms refer to nursing classification systems.

When searching CINAHL for a topic, it is recommended that a more general subject heading be used.

Only use the nursing classification subject headings if you are looking for records that specifically mention the classification.

Parts of a Citation

The most basic entry for a journal consists of the author name(s), year published, article title, journal name, volume number, issue number, page numbers and DOI*.

Last Name(s), F. (Year Published). Article Title. Journal name in italics, Volume Number(Issue Number), Page Numbers. DOI

Kent, F., & Keating, J. L. (2015). Interprofessional education in primary health care for entry level students - A systematic literature review. Nurse Education Today, 35(12), 1221-1231. doi:10.1016/j.nedt.2015.05.005

*See box below for more information on the DOI.

Citation Finders: Find a specific article

If you are looking for a specific article, you can use one of the citation finders within one of the OHSU bibliographic databases.  Before you search for your article, consider which database you might find it in - for medicine, try Ovid MEDLINE or PubMed, if it's a nursing journal, look in CINAHL. 

Citation finders are useful tools that allow you to locate individual journal articles based upon the information contained within its citation.  These tools let you search for one or more of the following basic bibliographic elements to find a specific article:

  • Author name
  • Title words
  • Journal name
  • Year or Date of publication
  • Volume, Issue, or Page #
Note that not all journals are covered by these citation finders.

Alternately, searching under "Journals" from the OHSU Library main page will identify whether or not the OHSU Library owns a particular journal and will provide a link, if the journal is available electronically. This search does not locate individual articles within a given journal, but once you've accessed the journal electronically, you can navigate to the year, volume, issue and page number of the article you are seeking.

Looking for articles on a specific topic?

If you are looking for articles on a specific topic, go to the library's databases by subject page and to find an appropriate database for your subject. If you need help deciding which databases would be most useful to your query, please contact a reference librarian at 503-494-3462, e-mail or Ask a Librarian.

What is a DOI?

The digital object identifier (DOI) is a unique identifier for citation linking services for scientific publishing in the digital world. It is another way for people to find things in the digital environment so it is helpful to include it in a citation if it is available.

From the Publication Manual:

Crediting Sources 6.31 pages 187-192  “Electronic Sources and Locator Information”

Reference Examples 7.01 pages 198-202  

Both of these parts of the APA 6th edition explain the digital object identifier (DOI) and how to include it in the reference. 

APA recommends that you include this DOI when it is available for both print and electronic sources. 

See the journal example with a DOI included on page 198 of the APA 6th edition.  

The web site called is a place where you can look up the DOI number for articles and include them in your citation. 

APA Resources

APA Style Guide to Electronic References - a pdf version of the APA guide to citing electronic resources.

APA Style Blog the official companion to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition.

APA Style for College Papers a concise guide to crafting research papers in the style of APA.

APA Reference Style Guide – a comprehensive APA Guide from Northern Michigan University

APA Tutorial --From Southern Mississippi

APA Tutorial to the 6th edition created by University Library at Governors State University   

Citing Online Resources -- by Brenda Barron

OWL at Purdue Writing and APA Guide

The Writing Center – From University of Wisconsin

From, you can order the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, view a tutorial, or read their FAQ section.

Find the APA Guide in the OHSU Library. often has used copies available as well.